Hyrcanus - in ancient sources @ attalus.org
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(John Hyrcanus) - king of Judaea, 134-104 B.C.
→ Wikipedia entry
+ John , Jonathan
Murder of Simon and accession of John Hyrcanus.
Hyrcanus besieges Ptolemy.
Ptolemy kills the mother of Hyrcanus and escapes to Philadelphia.
Hyrcanus comes to terms with Antiochus.
Hyrcanus removes treasure from the tomb of David.
treaty of friendship between Hyrcanus and the Romans.
ntiochus VII, accompanied by Hyrcanus of Judaea, defeats Phraates in
Hyrcanus invades the neighbouring parts of Syria.
Alexander Zabinas makes an alliance with Hyrcanus and the Jews.
Hyrcanus' kingdom prospers while Zabinas is ruling Syria.
Hyrcanus begins to besiege Samaria.
Hyrcanus destroys Samaria.
The Athenians pass a decree honouring Hyrcanus of Judaea.
dispute between John Hyrcanus and the Pharisees.
on the prosperous reign of John Hyrcanus as king and high priest.
The death of John Hyrcanus of Judaea, and the accession of Aristobulu
yrcani, and was given the name Hyrcanus. He sent an embass
lus, the son of Jonathan Hyrcanus, was the first to assume
athan the son of Simon, called Hyrcanus, for 27 years. 20.
years Simon for 22 years Hyrcanus for 26 years Aristobulus
Jonathan, also called Hyrcanus, was leader of the Jews
lem were Simon for 8 years and John for 20 years. At that
Then John who was called Hyrcanus, the son of Jonathan The
He was succeeded by his son John. 161.4 .  [1885
* .  John Hyrcanus [became] king of the Jews, for
sia, for 12 years. John, the leader and high priest of the
898] [1896 in Ar.] Hyrcanus the high priest of the Jews
[not in Ar.] (?) Jonathan was a glorious leader of the
tobulus the son of Jonathan, the king and high priest of
hird son, whose name was Hyrcanus;  but the young man
he slew the brethren of Hyrcanus, and his mother; and whe
 But because Hyrcanus discerned the inconvenience
in.  And when Hyrcanus sent to Antiochus, and desired
 Accordingly, Hyrcanus took this moderation of his
&  But when Hyrcanus heard of the death of Antiochu
was built.  Hyrcanus took also Dora and Marissa,
Jews.  But Hyrcanus the high priest was desirous
And thus stood the affairs of Hyrcanus the high priest.
and made a league with Hyrcanus, who yet, when he afterw
his brother. Now Hyrcanus lived all this while in peace;
with one another gave Hyrcanus the opportunity of enjoy
ravage the country of Hyrcanus after the manner of a
ia.  And when Hyrcanus had taken that city, which was
moved the Jews to envy Hyrcanus; but they that were the
elieved.  Now Hyrcanus was a disciple of theirs, and
his story was false, and Hyrcanus was provoked against him
rs.  But when Hyrcanus had put an end to this seditio
hus reported:  when Hyrcanus chiefly loved the two
god;  but after Hyrcanus had made a change in
own son, whose name was Hyrcanus, succeeded him, after
then these successes of John and of his sons made them
beaten.  So John lived the rest of his life very
government with him; for John had left her to be the gover
and sent some persons to kill John, who was also called
- king of Judaea, 67-63 B.C.
→ Wikipedia entry
Alexandra appoints her elder son Hyrcanus to be high priest.
een of the Jews; she appoints her elder son Hyrcanus to succeed her.
Aristobulus deposes Hyrcanus, and sets himself up as king of Judaea.
Antipater persuades Hyrcanus to take refuge with Aretas, the king of
Scaurus offers support to Aristobulus, who defeats Hyrcanus.
Pompeius receives envoys from Hyrcanus and Aristobulus at Damascus.
Pompeius enters Judaea; Hyrcanus submits to him, but Aristobulus rema
Pompeius appoints Hyrcanus to be high priest and ruler of the Jews.
Caesar confirms Antipater and Hyrcanus as rulers of Judaea.
Hyrcanus summons Herodes to stand trial, but then releases him.
Hyrcanus sends envoys to Rome, to confirm a treaty of friendship.
gonus kills Phasael, the brother of Herodes, and mutilates Hyrcanus.
Hyrcanus returns to Judaea.
Hyrcanus is put to death by Herodes.
General comments on the mild character of Hyrcanus.
sition of high priest to Hyrcanus, the son of Alexander
nst Scipio and the high priest Hyrcanus. He routed them,
rother, Aristobulus the son of Hyrcanus. A year later he
of Apollo, had assisted Hyrcanus the king of the Jews in
ade the Jews pay tribute, when Hyrcanus was king and high
ade the Jews pay tribute, when Hyrcanus was king and high
ests came to an end with Hyrcanus, Herodes the son of Anti
the Jews and his brother Hyrcanus, who were in dispute over
And after her, Aristobulus and Hyrcanus [were kings]. In
Pompeius appointed Hyrcanus to be high priest, and Antipat
utary to the Romans, and Hyrcanus became their high priest
65th Olympiad, up until Hyrcanus in the 185th Olympiad,
in Ar.] Herodes killed Hyrcanus, the previous high pries
eft behind him two sons, Hyrcanus and Aristobulus, but com
 So she made Hyrcanus high priest, because he was
eiders of the Jews, and Hyrcanus with them, went in unto
oth from Aristobulus and Hyrcanus, and both desired he wou
made war with Aretas and Hyrcanus, and fought them at a
to him, Antipater from Hyrcanus, and Nicodemus from Aris
uld transfer the government to Hyrcanus.  But when Pom
out with a wall, wherein Hyrcanus did gladly assist him
the high priesthood to Hyrcanus, both because he had bee
came upon Jerusalem were Hyrcanus and Aristobulus, by rais
ed, and this at the command of Hyrcanus.  And when he
with Alexander, since Hyrcanus was not yet able to oppo
ers with her, he brought Hyrcanus to Jerusalem, and commit
he perpetually made to Hyrcanus; and told him that his
and that by the order of Hyrcanus;  for when Mithrida
ing them the epistles of Hyrcanus the high priest, wherein
greatly, and confirmed Hyrcanus in the high priesthood;
speech, Caesar appointed Hyrcanus to be high priest, and
 He also gave Hyrcanus leave to raise up the walls
one in the ninth year of Hyrcanus the high priest and ethn
by the Romans and the people of Athens to Hyrcanus.
and fidelity which he owed to Hyrcanus.  But now the
from thee."  Upon Hyrcanus hearing this, he complie
dismiss, for the sake of Hyrcanus, will one day punish bot
Scipio and Cato, when Hyrcanus sent ambassadors to him,
Julius Caesar, which relate to Hyrcanus and to our nation.
pay the same tithes to Hyrcanus and his sons which they
erly did;  and that Hyrcanus, the son of Alexander,
senate, and introduced Hyrcanus's ambassadors into it,
ambassadors from Hyrcanus the high priest were these:
the ambassador of Hyrcanus the high priest, hath delivere
and their high priest Hyrcanus, sent as ambassadors to
the Jews, and described Hyrcanus's virtue and generosity,
rs, that they would send Hyrcanus a copy of that decree,
been made in favour of Hyrcanus, and of our nation; as
assaulted him,) had not Hyrcanus, by the means of Antipat
d-be the preservation of Hyrcanus's government; but his
persuaded the butler of Hyrcanus, with whom they were bot
ffrighted, and persuaded Hyrcanus not to permit him to com
bed him. Whereupon Hyrcanus was so astonished at what had
also complained of Hyrcanus, that although he had received
was come to Jerusalem, Hyrcanus and the people put garla
The ambassadors of Hyrcanus, the high priest and ethnarch
places which belong to Hyrcanus, the ethnarch of the Jew
this in the presence of Hyrcanus, who was Herodes's fathe
out hastily to them, and Hyrcanus was with him, (for they
the government away from Hyrcanus, and bestow it upon him,
ity.  So both Hyrcanus and Phasaelus went on the emba
lso; and the daughter of Hyrcanus, whose daughter he had
mother, the daughter of Hyrcanus, and his youngest brothe
stained from nothing but Hyrcanus's money, which was three
death by them, and how Hyrcanus was detained captive by
to Aristobulus, and to Hyrcanus by his mother,) but that
nform them of.  Hyrcanus then began his high priesthood
and of their governors Hyrcanus and Aristobulus, who wer
in way of reproach, to Hyrcanus and the other judges, how
in possession of the kingdom, Hyrcanus the high priest, who was
 But when Hyrcanus was brought into Parthia the
dignity from his brother [ Hyrcanus ]; and this Herod was
of royal dignity left but Hyrcanus, and therefore he thought it
occasion afforded to him: for Hyrcanus was of so mild a
an occasion for thus putting Hyrcanus to death, and that by
this was the fate of Hyrcanus ; and thus did he
for his own advantage, yet Hyrcanus still desired to depart. Herod
soon as he had put Hyrcanus out of the way, made
left of the family of Hyrcanus, and the kingdom was entirely
the high priesthood to Hyrcanus, but retained the kingdo
us, the grandson of that Hyrcanus who was then taken by
by Alexander, she made Hyrcanus the elder high priest,
and besides this, upon Hyrcanus's complaint to his mothe
halion.  When Hyrcanus and Antipater were thus depriv
had great indignation; Hyrcanus also and his friends mad
erty, while the party of Hyrcanus were for opening the gat
their attacks, as having Hyrcanus's party very ready to
Moreover, he made Hyrcanus high priest, as one that not
to supply which want, Hyrcanus afforded him some assist
ther, and lay heavy upon Hyrcanus, and overran Judaea, and
this Gabinius brought Hyrcanus to Jerusalem, and commit
nto Egypt, making use of Hyrcanus and Antipater to provide
it was that he also confirmed Hyrcanus in the high priest
fore Caesar, and accused Hyrcanus and Antipater,  how
heard this, he declared Hyrcanus to be the most worthy
or fidelity which he owed to Hyrcanus.  However,
recovered the government to Hyrcanus, and preserved it
men with him: hereupon Hyrcanus, at the request of Malic
that he should easily depose Hyrcanus, and get the crown
Felix, and reproached Hyrcanus on account of his ingrat
riage into the family of Hyrcanus;  for as he had for
g's palace;  but as Hyrcanus and Phasaelus received
acorus went out and took Hyrcanus with him, that he might
aelus think of forsaking Hyrcanus and flying away, althoug
and spared nothing but Hyrcanus's money, which was not
his wife's grandfather, Hyrcanus, when he was returned
tion was this:- not that Hyrcanus made any attempt to gain
done to her grandfather Hyrcanus, and to her brother Aris
would avenge the spirits of Hyrcanus and Mariamme ; for it
in succession to his brother Hyrcanus, who had been driven out.
- son of Joseph; a prominent Jew of the early 2nd century B.C.
→ Wikipedia entry
Hyrcanus the son of Joseph goes to Alexandria and gains the favour
Hyrcanus the son of Joseph is forced to leave Judaea and settles
.]. 149.4 .  Hyrcanus, the son of Josephus the leade
ther son, whose name was Hyrcanus, by his brother Solymius
begat a son, whose name was Hyrcanus, as we said before
sent out the youngest, Hyrcanus, and gave him three hund
gether.  When Hyrcanus came to the place, and found
to send their brother Hyrcanus, he gladly hearkened to
And Ptolemy sent for Hyrcanus, and told him that he
three days were over, Hyrcanus came and saluted the kin
Joseph:AJ_* 12.211-218 *
parts on a heap before Hyrcanus, (for they had themselve
Joseph:AJ_* 12.221-224 *
his brethren heard that Hyrcanus had received such favour
elders made war against Hyrcanus, who was the youngest
to them. However, Hyrcanus determined not to return to
scon.  As for Hyrcanus, when he saw that Antiochus
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