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64 B.C. Olympiad 179.1


Consuls: L. Julius L.f. Caesar, C. Marcius C.f. Figulus
Athenian archon: Oenophilus
Olympic victor in the stadion race: Andreas of Lacedaemon

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    Click on the links in the lists of references to go to the sources for each event

1 ARM << Pompeius spends the winter at Aspis.
+DioCass_37.7'5; {CAH_9'258.}
2 PON << Stratonice surrenders the fortress of Sinoria to Pompeius, who finds Mithridates' correspondence there.
* Read Plutarch's account
Plin:HN_23'149;L  Plut:Pomp_36'3-37'4; ~Appian:Mith_107'a-c; +DioCass_37.7'5.
3 NAR Murena goes out to govern Gaul, accompanied by Clodius.
* Read Cicero's account
Cic:Mur_42, 89, :HarResp_42; {CAH_9'347; OCD_m.}
4 SYR << Lollius and Metellus capture Damascus.
* Read Josephus' account
Joseph:BJ_1'127, ~:AJ_14'29; {OCD_d; MRR_2'114.}
5 PAL << Aretas invades Judaea and defeats Aristobulus.
* Read Josephus' account
Joseph:BJ_1'126, ~:AJ_14'17-19.
6 {? April} Aristobulus is besieged in the temple at Jerusalem, and Onias is stoned to death for refusing to curse him.
~Joseph:AJ_14'20-28; {At the time of Passover.}
7 ARM Phraates, the king of Parthia, invades Armenia but later on agrees a truce with Tigranes.
* Read Appian's account
~Appian:Mith_104'a-b, 106'b-c; +DioCass_37.6'4-7'4; {CAH_9'264.}
8 Pompeius organises Pontus as a Roman province.
* Read Livy's account
~[Liv]:Per_102'a; Vell_2.38'6; Justin:Dig_50.1.1'2<q"L  Ulpian>; DioCass_37'arg; Festus:Brev_3'3, 11'4; Sulpit_2.26'b; {CAH_9'258; OCD_p<63?>.}
9 Pompeius creates a city called Pompeiopolis in place of Amisus and Eupatoria.
Plin:HN_6'7.L 
10 CHE Mithridates captures Panticapaeum and kills his son Xiphares.
~Appian:Mith_107'a-b.
11 ROM L.Luscius and L.Bellienus are prosecuted, possibly by C.Caesar, and convicted of murders committed during the dictatorship of Sulla.
* Read Dio's account
~Ascon_90'c-91'a;L  Suet:Caes_11'1; +DioCass_37.10'1-3; {CAH_9'348; OCD_c.}
12 {1 June -R} Catilina begins to collect associates for a new conspiracy; he allegedly makes them swear a secret oath.
* Read Sallust's account
#Sall:Cat_16'4-17'7, 20'1-23'4; ~[Liv]:Per_102'a; Plut:Cic_10'2-4; Flor_2.12'1-4; Tert:Apol_9'9; MinFel:Oct_30'5; DioCass_37.30'1-5.
13 ROM Document: QCic:Pet, the "Commentariolum Petitionis", probably written by Q.Cicero. {CAH_9'673; OCD_c.}
14 The senate restricts the activities of guilds, which leads to the temporary cessation of the Ludi Compitalicii.
* Read Cicero's account
+Cic:Pis_8; +Ascon_7'a-b;L  {CAH_9'346.}
15 The senate restricts the activities of political candidates' followers.
+Cic:Mur_71.
16 PON Pompeius grants territories to neighbouring kings: Deiotarus in Armenia Minor, Ariobarzanes in Cappadocia, Aristarchus in Colchis, and Attalus in Paphlagonia.
* Read Plutarch's account
~Plut:Pomp_38'1-3; ~Appian:Mith_105'c; DioCass_37.7a'1; Festus:Brev_11'2-4, 16'3; Eutrop_6.14'1.
17 SYR Pompeius forces Antiochus of Commagene into submission, and makes an alliance with Abgarus of Osroene.
* Read Appian's account
~Appian:Mith_106'a; DioCass_40.20'1; {CAH_9'249; OCD_c.}
18 PEL {July ?} Straton wins the wrestling contest at the Olympic games, for a second time.
~Aelian:VH_4'15;
19 ROM ++ General comments on the character of Cicero's father, who died shortly before his son's election as consul.
* Read Plutarch's account
Cic:Leg_2'3;L  Plut:Cic_1'1.
20 LUS Sittius, an associate of P.Sulla and Catilina, goes out to Spain.
+Cic:Sull_56.
21 ROM C.Antonius, a candidate for consul, and Q.Gallius, a candidate for praetor, attempt to win popularity by presenting public games.
* Read Cicero's account
Cic:Mur_40; Ascon_88'a.L 
22 Cicero delivers a speech, "In toga candida", against his rival candidates Catilina and Antonius.
+Ascon_82'a-83'b,L  85'b-86'a,L  93'c-94'a.L 
23 PAL Scaurus offers support to Aristobulus, who defeats Hyrcanus.
* Read Josephus' account
Joseph:BJ_1'127-130, ~:AJ_14'30-33; Movses_2'15; {CAH_9'261; OCD_s<65>; MRR_2'113.}
24 SYR Pompeius is received with enthusiasm at Antioch and Seleuceia.
* Read Eutropius' account
Strab_16.751'e;(2.8)  Liban:Or_11'129; Festus:Brev_16'4; Eutrop_6.14'2; !Hieron:Chron_1949, 'q; Malal_211-212; {CAH_9'261.}
25 Pompeius refuses to re-instate Antiochus Asiaticus as king of Syria: the end of Seleucid rule in Syria.
* Read Justin's account
~Appian:Syr_70'a; ~DioCass_37.7a'1; Just_40.2'3-4; [Euseb]:Chron_261'c-d, 263'b; !Hieron:Chron_1924, 1925; Malal_212-213; ExcBarb_46B; ChronSynt_92'b; {CAH_9'259; Green_658.}
26 CHE Mithridates enters into new negotiations with Pompeius, but continues to make ambitious preparations for war.
Appian:Mith_107'b-d; {This happened while Pompeius was in Syria.}
27 A large earthquake devastates the territory controlled by Mithridates.
DioCass_37.11'4.
28 ROM Cicero and Antonius are elected to be consuls for the following year.
* Read Plutarch's account
Cic:LegAgr_2'3-4, :Mur_17, 34, :Vat_6, :Cael_10, :Pis_3; +Sall:Cat_23'5-24'1; [Liv]:Per_102'a; Ascon_94'a;L  Plut:Cic_10'1, 11'1-2, 27'2; Appian:BCiv_2.2'a-b; {CAH_9'349; OCD_c.}
29 Vatinius and Sestius are elected as quaestors for the following year.
Cic:Vat_11; Schol:Bob_145.L 
30 ?? The priests enjoy a splendid dinner, to celebrate the appointment of Lentulus as flamen Martialis.
Macrob:Sat_3.13'10-13;L  {While Metellus was pontifex maximus.}
31 Pompeius organises Coele Syria and Phoenicia as Roman provinces; Aradus becomes subject to the Romans, but Tyre and Byblus are allowed to remain free.
* Read Plutarch's account
Strab_16.754'b,(2.14)  755'e,(2.18)  757'b;(2.23)  Vell_2.37'5, 38'6; ~Plut:Pomp_38'4-39'3; DioCass_37'arg, ~37.7a'1; Just_40.2'5; Festus:Brev_14'2; AmmMarc_14.8'10; Malal_222; {CAH_9'260.}
32 CHE Phanagoreia revolts from Mithridates, along with Chersonesus, Theudosia, Nymphaeum and other places.
* Read Appian's account
~Appian:Mith_108'a-d; DioCass_37.11'4; Oros_6.5'2-3.L 
33 ROM Catilina is accused (? of murder) by L.Lucceius, but he is acquitted.
* Read Dio's account
~Ascon_91'a-b;L  +DioCass_37.10'4.
34 SYR Pompeius receives envoys from the Syrians, Egyptians and Aristobulus of Judaea.
~Joseph:AJ_14'34-37; {~CAH_9'319; according to Josephus, Pompeius was at Damascus, but it is clear that he did not arrive there until the following year.}
35 ROM Catilina carries on with his plans for a conspiracy, despite his failure at the elections.
* Read Sallust's account
Cic:Cat_1'11, '15; +Sall:Cat_24'2-25'5.
36 == Cato, as quaestor, forces Sulla's henchmen to give back the rewards which they received during the proscriptions.
* Read Plutarch's account
~Plut:CatMin_17'5-7; DioCass_47.6'4; {OCD_c; MRR_2'113.}
37 == Cato reforms the administration of the treasury, while serving as quaestor.
* Read Plutarch's account
~Plut:CatMin_16'1-17'4, 18'1-4, :Mor_534'C-D, 808'E.
38 {? December -R} Cato prevents Marcellus from agreeing to an illegal payment from the treasury.
~Plut:CatMin_18'5-9.
39 == New censors are elected, but they are prevented from achieving anything by the opposition of the tribunes.
~DioCass_37.9'4; {CAH_9'346.}
40 == Apollodorus of Pergamum, the future teacher of Octavianus, is in his prime.
+Hieron:Chron_1953.
41 == The birth of Messalla Corvinus.
* Read St.Jerome's account
!Hieron:Chron_1958, ~2027; {OCD_m.}
42 ?? The Lex Plautia de vi contains measures to combat violence.
Schol:Bob_84;L  Justin:Dig_41.3.33'2<q"L  Ulpian>; {OCD_lex.}
43 PAL == The birth of Nicolaus of Damascus.
NicDam_136'8.

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