64 B.C. Olympiad 179.1

Consuls: L. Julius L.f. Caesar, C. Marcius C.f. Figulus
Athenian archon: Oenophilus
Olympic victor in the stadion race: Andreas of Lacedaemon

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    Click on the links in the lists of references to go to the sources for each event

1 ARM << Pompeius spends the winter at Aspis.
+DioCass_37.7'5; { CAH_9'258.}
2 PON << Stratonice surrenders the fortress of Sinoria to Pompeius, who finds Mithridates' correspondence there.
* Read Plutarch's account
Plin:HN_23'149;L  Plut:Pomp_36'3-37'4; ~Appian:Mith_107; +DioCass_37.7'5.
3 NAR Murena goes out to govern Gaul, accompanied by Clodius.
* Read Cicero's account
Cic:Mur_42, 89, :HarResp_42; { CAH_9'347; OCD_m.}
4 SYR << Lollius and Metellus capture Damascus.
* Read Josephus' account
Joseph:BJ_1'127, ~:AJ_14'29; { OCD_d; MRR_2'114.}
5 PAL << Aretas invades Judaea and defeats Aristobulus.
* Read Josephus' account
Joseph:BJ_1'126, ~:AJ_14'17-19.
6 {? April} Aristobulus is besieged in the temple at Jerusalem, and Onias is stoned to death for refusing to curse him.
~Joseph:AJ_14'20-28; { At the time of Passover.}
7 ARM Phraates, the king of Parthia, invades Armenia but later on agrees a truce with Tigranes.
* Read Appian's account
~Appian:Mith_104, 106; +DioCass_37.6'4-7'4; { CAH_9'264.}
8 Pompeius organises Pontus as a Roman province.
* Read Livy's account
~[Liv]:Per_102; Vell_2.38'6; Justin:Dig_50.1.1'2<q" Ulpian>; DioCass_37'arg; Festus:Brev_3'3, 11'4; Sulpit_2'26; { CAH_9'258; OCD_p=63?.}
9 Pompeius creates a city called Pompeiopolis in place of Amisus and Eupatoria.
10 CHE Mithridates captures Panticapaeum and kills his son Xiphares.
11 ROM L.Luscius and L.Bellienus are prosecuted, possibly by C.Caesar, and convicted of murders committed during the dictatorship of Sulla.
* Read Dio's account
~Ascon_90-91;L (↓)  Suet:Caes_11'1; +DioCass_37.10'1-3; { CAH_9'348; OCD_c.}
12 {1 June -R} Catilina begins to collect associates for a new conspiracy; he allegedly makes them swear a secret oath.
* Read Sallust's account
#Sall:Cat_16'4-17'7, 20'1-23'4; ~[Liv]:Per_102; Plut:Cic_10'2-4; Flor_2.12'1-4; Tert:Apol_9'9; MinFel:Oct_30'5; DioCass_37.30'1-5.
13 ROM Document: QCic:Pet, the "Commentariolum Petitionis", probably written by Q.Cicero. { CAH_9'673; OCD_c.}
14 The senate restricts the activities of guilds, which leads to the temporary cessation of the Ludi Compitalicii.
* Read Cicero's account
+Cic:Pis_8; +Ascon_7;L  { CAH_9'346.}
15 The senate restricts the activities of political candidates' followers.
16 PON Pompeius grants territories to neighbouring kings: Deiotarus in Armenia Minor, Ariobarzanes in Cappadocia, Aristarchus in Colchis, and Attalus in Paphlagonia.
* Read Plutarch's account
~Plut:Pomp_38'1-3; ~Appian:Mith_105;(↓)  DioCass_37.7a'1; Festus:Brev_11'2-4, 16'3; Eutrop_6.14'1.
17 SYR Pompeius forces Antiochus of Commagene into submission, and makes an alliance with Abgarus of Osroene.
* Read Appian's account
~Appian:Mith_106; DioCass_40.20'1; { CAH_9'249; OCD_c.}
18 PEL {July ?} Straton wins the wrestling contest at the Olympic games, for a second time.
19 ROM ++ General comments on the character of Cicero's father, who died shortly before his son's election as consul.
* Read Plutarch's account
Cic:Leg_2'3;L  Plut:Cic_1'1.
20 LUS Sittius, an associate of P.Sulla and Catilina, goes out to Spain.
21 ROM C.Antonius, a candidate for consul, and Q.Gallius, a candidate for praetor, attempt to win popularity by presenting public games.
* Read Cicero's account
Cic:Mur_40; Ascon_88.L 
22 Cicero delivers a speech, "In toga candida", against his rival candidates Catilina and Antonius.
+Ascon_82-83,L  85-86,L  93-94.L (↓) 
23 PAL Scaurus offers support to Aristobulus, who defeats Hyrcanus.
* Read Josephus' account
Joseph:BJ_1'127-130, ~:AJ_14'30-33; Movses_2'15; { CAH_9'261; OCD_s=65; MRR_2'113.}
24 SYR Pompeius is received with enthusiasm at Antioch and Seleuceia.
* Read Eutropius' account
Strab_16'751;(2.8)  Liban:Or_11'129;B  Festus:Brev_16'4; Eutrop_6.14'2; !Hieron:Chron_1949, 'q; Malal_211-212; { CAH_9'261.}
25 Pompeius refuses to re-instate Antiochus Asiaticus as king of Syria: the end of Seleucid rule in Syria.
* Read Justin's account
~Appian:Syr_70; ~DioCass_37.7a'1; Just_40.2'3-4; [Euseb]:Chron_261,(↓)  263; !Hieron:Chron_1924, 1925; Malal_212-213; ExcBarb_46B; ChronSynt_92; { CAH_9'259; Green_658.}
26 CHE Mithridates enters into new negotiations with Pompeius, but continues to make ambitious preparations for war.
Appian:Mith_107; { This happened while Pompeius was in Syria.}
27 A large earthquake devastates the territory controlled by Mithridates.
28 ROM Cicero and Antonius are elected to be consuls for the following year.
* Read Plutarch's account
Cic:LegAgr_2'3-4, :Mur_17, 34, :Vat_6, :Cael_10, :Pis_3; +Sall:Cat_23'5-24'1; [Liv]:Per_102; Ascon_94;L  Plut:Cic_10'1, 11'1-2, 27'2; Appian:BCiv_2'2; { CAH_9'349; OCD_c.}
29 Vatinius and Sestius are elected as quaestors for the following year.
Cic:Vat_11; Schol:Bob_145.L 
30 ?? The priests enjoy a splendid dinner, to celebrate the appointment of Lentulus as flamen Martialis.
Macrob:Sat_3.13'10-13;L  { While Metellus was pontifex maximus.}
31 Pompeius organises Coele Syria and Phoenicia as Roman provinces; Aradus becomes subject to the Romans, but Tyre and Byblus are allowed to remain free.
* Read Plutarch's account
Strab_16'754,(2.14)  '755,(2.18)  '757;(2.23)  Vell_2.37'5, 38'6; ~Plut:Pomp_38'4-39'3; DioCass_37'arg, ~37.7a'1; Just_40.2'5; Festus:Brev_14'2; AmmMarc_14.8'10; Malal_222; { CAH_9'260.}
32 CHE Phanagoreia revolts from Mithridates, along with Chersonesus, Theudosia, Nymphaeum and other places.
* Read Appian's account
~Appian:Mith_108; DioCass_37.11'4; Oros_6.5'2-3.L 
33 ROM Catilina is accused (? of murder) by L.Lucceius, but he is acquitted.
* Read Dio's account
~Ascon_91;L  +DioCass_37.10'4.
34 SYR Pompeius receives envoys from the Syrians, Egyptians and Aristobulus of Judaea.
~Joseph:AJ_14'34-37; { ~CAH_9'319; according to Josephus, Pompeius was at Damascus, but it is clear that he did not arrive there until the following year.}
35 ROM Catilina carries on with his plans for a conspiracy, despite his failure at the elections.
* Read Sallust's account
Cic:Cat_1'11, '15; +Sall:Cat_24'2-25'5.
36 == Cato, as quaestor, forces Sulla's henchmen to give back the rewards which they received during the proscriptions.
* Read Plutarch's account
~Plut:CatMin_17'5-7; DioCass_47.6'4; { OCD_c; MRR_2'113.}
37 == Cato reforms the administration of the treasury, while serving as quaestor.
* Read Plutarch's account
~Plut:CatMin_16'1-17'4, 18'1-4, :Mor_534'C-D, 808'E.
38 {? December -R} Cato prevents Marcellus from agreeing to an illegal payment from the treasury.
39 == New censors are elected, but they are prevented from achieving anything by the opposition of the tribunes.
~DioCass_37.9'4; { CAH_9'346.}
40 == Apollodorus of Pergamum, the future teacher of Octavianus, is in his prime.
41 == The birth of Messalla Corvinus.
* Read St.Jerome's account
!Hieron:Chron_1958, ~2027; { OCD_m.}
42 ?? The Lex Plautia de vi contains measures to combat violence.
Schol:Bob_84;L  Justin:Dig_41.3.33'2<q" Ulpian>; { OCD_lex.}
43 PAL == The birth of Nicolaus of Damascus.

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